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Do type and token effects reflect different mechanisms? Connectionist modeling of Dutch past-tense formation and final devoicing

MPG-Autoren

Moscoso del Prado Martín,  Fermín
Pioneer, external;
Other Research, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

Ernestus,  Mirjam
Language Comprehension Group, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Center for Language Studies, external;
Other Research, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

Baayen,  R. Harald
Pioneer, external;
Other Research, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

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Moscoso_2004_do type.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 262KB

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Zitation

Moscoso del Prado Martín, F., Ernestus, M., & Baayen, R. H. (2004). Do type and token effects reflect different mechanisms? Connectionist modeling of Dutch past-tense formation and final devoicing. Brain and Language, 90(1-3), 287-298. doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2003.12.002.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-19CB-F
Zusammenfassung
In this paper, we show that both token and type-based effects in lexical processing can result from a single, token-based, system, and therefore, do not necessarily reflect different levels of processing. We report three Simple Recurrent Networks modeling Dutch past-tense formation. These networks show token-based frequency effects and type-based analogical effects closely matching the behavior of human participants when producing past-tense forms for both existing verbs and pseudo-verbs. The third network covers the full vocabulary of Dutch, without imposing predefined linguistic structure on the input or output words.