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Journal Article

High-resolution imaging of vacuum arc cathode spots

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40475

Lück,  H.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Anders, A., Anders, S., Jüttner, B., & Lück, H. (1996). High-resolution imaging of vacuum arc cathode spots. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 24(1), 69-70. doi:10.1109/27.491695.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-CAC2-3
Abstract
Imaging differential laser absorption spectroscopy was used to map the electron density distribution of vacuum arc cathode spots. The temporal resolution was determined by the sequence of laser pulses (pulses of 0.4-ns duration, with 3-ns separation). The spatial resolution was limited by diffraction (better than 5 μm). Fragments of cathode spots have been detected, and the following parameters could be derived: current density on the order of 1012 A/m2 , plasma density greater than 3-6×1026 m-3 , fragment size 5-10 μm and smaller, current per fragment 20-40 A (for copper electrodes and are current 50-150 A), and the lifetime of dense plasma on the order of a few nanoseconds