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Journal Article

Chlorosis caused by two recessively interacting genes reveals a role of RNA helicase in hybrid breakdown in Arabidopsis thaliana

MPS-Authors

Ploetner,  Bjoern
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Nurmi,  Markus
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Fischer,  Axel
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Watanabe,  Mutsumi
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Schneeberger,  Korbinian
MPI for Plant Breeding Research, Max Planck Society;

Vaid,  Neha
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Schoettler,  Mark Aurel
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Walther,  Dirk
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Hoefgen,  Rainer
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

Weigel,  Detlef
Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society;

Laitinen,  Roosa A. E.
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ploetner, B., Nurmi, M., Fischer, A., Watanabe, M., Schneeberger, K., Holm, S., et al. (2017). Chlorosis caused by two recessively interacting genes reveals a role of RNA helicase in hybrid breakdown in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLANT JOURNAL, 91(2), 251-262. doi:10.1111/tpj.13560.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-04EB-1
Abstract
Hybrids often differ in fitness from their parents. They may be superior, translating into hybrid vigour or heterosis, but they may also be markedly inferior, because of hybrid weakness or incompatibility. The underlying genetic causes for the latter can often be traced back to genes that evolve rapidly because of sexual or host-pathogen conflicts. Hybrid weakness may manifest itself only in later generations, in a phenomenon called hybrid breakdown. We have characterized a case of hybrid breakdown among two Arabidopsis thaliana accessions, Shahdara (Sha, Tajikistan) and Lovvik-5 (Lov-5, Northern Sweden). In addition to chlorosis, a fraction of the F-2 plants have defects in leaf and embryo development, and reduced photosynthetic efficiency. Hybrid chlorosis is due to two major-effect loci, of which one, originating from Lov-5, appears to encode an RNA helicase (AtRH18). To examine the role of the chlorosis allele in the Lovvik area, in addition to eight accessions collected in 2009, we collected another 240 accessions from 15 collections sites, including Lovvik, from Northern Sweden in 2015. Genotyping revealed that Lovvik collection site is separated from the rest. Crosses between 109 accessions from this area and Sha revealed 85 cases of hybrid chlorosis, indicating that the chlorosis-causing allele is common in this area. These results suggest that hybrid breakdown alleles not only occur at rapidly evolving loci, but also at genes that code for conserved processes. Significance Statement AtRH18 was found to play a role in F-2 hybrid chlorosis associated with reduced photosynthetic efficiency and defects in embryo and early leaf development. This study adds to our understanding of different mechanisms and origins behind hybrid breakdown in plants.