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More Mortgages, More Homes? The Effect of Housing Financialization on Homeownership in Historical Perspective

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons41227

Kohl,  Sebastian
Soziologie des Marktes, MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Kohl, S. (2018). More Mortgages, More Homes? The Effect of Housing Financialization on Homeownership in Historical Perspective. Politics & Society, (published online January 27). doi:10.1177/0032329218755750.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-3C1F-C
Zusammenfassung
Recent research has emphasized the negative effects of finance on macroeconomic performance and even cautioned of a “finance curse.” As one of the main drivers of financial sector growth, mortgages have traditionally been hailed as increasing the number of homeowners in a country. This article uses long-run panel data for seventeen countries between 1920 (1950) and 2013 to show that the effect of the “great mortgaging” on homeownership rates is not universally positive. Increasing mortgage debt appears to be neither necessary nor sufficient for higher homeownership levels. There were periods of rising homeownership levels without much increase in mortgages before 1980, thanks to government programs, purchasing power increases, and less inflated house prices. There have also been mortgage increases without homeownership growth, but with house price bubbles thereafter. The liberalization of financial markets might after all be a poor substitute for more traditional housing policies.