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Solar UV-B radiation and ethylene play a key role in modulating effective defenses against Anticarsia gemmatalis larvae in field-grown soybean

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons4052

Mithöfer,  Axel
Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Prof. Dr. W. Boland, MPI for Chemical Ecology, Max Planck Society;

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Dillon, F. M., Tejedor, M. D., Ilina, N., Chludil, H. D., Mithöfer, A., Pagano, E. A., et al. (2018). Solar UV-B radiation and ethylene play a key role in modulating effective defenses against Anticarsia gemmatalis larvae in field-grown soybean. Plant, Cell and Environment, 41(2), 383-394. doi:10.1111/pce.13104.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-85A0-0
Zusammenfassung
Solar UV-B radiation has been reported to enhance plant defenses against herbivore insects in many species. However, the mechanism and traits involved in the UV-B mediated increment of plant resistance are unknown in crops species, such as soybean. Here we studied defense-related responses in undamaged and Anticarsia gemmatalis larvae-damaged leaves of two soybean cultivars grown under attenuated or full solar UV-B radiation. We determined changes in jasmonates, ethylene, salicylic acid, trypsin protease inhibitor activity, flavonoids and mRNA expression of genes related with defenses. Ethylene emission induced by A. gemmatalis damage was synergistically increased in plants grown under solar UV-B radiation and was positively correlated with malonyl genistin concentration, TPI activity and expression of IFS2 and the pathogenesis protein PR2, while was negatively correlated with leaf consumption. The precursor of ethylene, ACC, applied exogenously to soybean was sufficient to strongly induce leaf isoflavonoids. Our results showed that in field-grown soybean isoflavonoids were regulated by both herbivory and solar UV-B inducible ET, while flavonols were regulated by solar UV-B radiation only and not by herbivory or ET. Our study suggests that, although ET can modulate UV-B-mediated priming of inducible plant defenses; some plant defenses, such as isoflavonoids, are regulated by ET alone.