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Civil Society and Financial Regulation: Consumer Finance Protection and Taxation after the Financial Crisis

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons104946

Kastner,  Lisa
Max Planck Sciences Po Center on Coping with Instability in Market Societies (MaxPo), MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;
Foundation for European Progressive Studies, Brussels, Belgium;

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Citation

Kastner, L. (2018). Civil Society and Financial Regulation: Consumer Finance Protection and Taxation after the Financial Crisis. London: Routledge.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-1947-B
Abstract
Coalitions of consumer groups, NGOs, and trade unions have traditionally been considered politically weak compared to well-organized and resourceful financial sector groups which dominate or "capture" financial regulatory decisions. However, following the 2008 financial crisis civil society groups have been seen to exert much more influence with politicians successfully implementing financial reform in spite of industry opposition. Drawing on literature from social movement research and regulatory politics, this book shows how diffuse interests were represented in financial regulatory overhauls in both the United States and the European Union. Four cases of reform in the post-crisis regulatory context are analysed: the creation of a new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in the US, the introduction of new consumer protection regulations through EU directives, the failure of attempts to introduce a financial transaction tax in the US, and the agreement of eleven EU member states to introduce such a tax, it shows how building coalitions with important elite allies outside and inside government helped traditionally weak interest groups transcend a lack of material resources to influence and shape regulatory policy. By engaging with a less well-known side of the debate, it explains how business power was curbed and diverse interests translated into financial regulatory policy.