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Journal Article

Enhanced carbon dioxide electroreduction to carbon monoxide over defect rich plasma‐activated silver catalysts

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22020

Roldan Cuenya,  Beatriz
Interface Science, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mistry, H., Choi, Y.-W., Bagger, A., Scholten, F., Bonifacio, C., Sinev, I., et al. (2017). Enhanced carbon dioxide electroreduction to carbon monoxide over defect rich plasma‐activated silver catalysts. Angewandte Chemie International Edition. doi:10.1002/anie.201704613.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-A906-C
Abstract
Efficient, stable catalysts with high selectivity for a single product are essential to making the electroreduction of CO2 a viable route to the synthesis of industrial feedstocks and fuels. We reveal how a plasma oxidation pre-treatment can lead to an enhanced content of low-coordinated active sites which dramatically lower the overpotential and increase the activity of CO2 electroreduction to CO. At -0.6 V vs. RHE, more than 90% Faradaic efficiency towards CO could be achieved on a pre-oxidized silver foil. While transmission electron microscopy and operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy showed that oxygen species can survive in the bulk of the catalyst during the reaction, quasi-in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that the surface is metallic under reaction conditions. DFT calculations show how the defect-rich surface of the plasma-oxidized silver foils in the presence of local electric fields results in a drastic decrease in the overpotential for the electroreduction of CO2.