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Towards Holistic Machines: From Visual Recognition To Question Answering About Real-world Image

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons44976

Malinowski,  Mateusz
Computer Vision and Multimodal Computing, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;
International Max Planck Research School, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons44451

Fritz,  Mario
Computer Vision and Multimodal Computing, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Malinowski, M. (2017). Towards Holistic Machines: From Visual Recognition To Question Answering About Real-world Image. PhD Thesis, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-9339-5
Abstract
Computer Vision has undergone major changes over the recent five years. Here, we investigate if the performance of such architectures generalizes to more complex tasks that require a more holistic approach to scene comprehension. The presented work focuses on learning spatial and multi-modal representations, and the foundations of a Visual Turing Test, where the scene understanding is tested by a series of questions about its content. In our studies, we propose DAQUAR, the first ‘question answering about real-world images’ dataset together with methods, termed a symbolic-based and a neural-based visual question answering architectures, that address the problem. The symbolic-based method relies on a semantic parser, a database of visual facts, and a bayesian formulation that accounts for various interpretations of the visual scene. The neural-based method is an end-to-end architecture composed of a question encoder, image encoder, multimodal embedding, and answer decoder. This architecture has proven to be effective in capturing language-based biases. It also becomes the standard component of other visual question answering architectures. Along with the methods, we also investigate various evaluation metrics that embraces uncertainty in word's meaning, and various interpretations of the scene and the question.