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A Local Algorithm for Constructing Spanners in Minor-Free Graphs

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons199710

Levi,  Reut
Algorithms and Complexity, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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arXiv:1604.07038.pdf
(Preprint), 218KB

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Citation

Levi, R., Ron, D., & Rubinfeld, R. (2016). A Local Algorithm for Constructing Spanners in Minor-Free Graphs. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.07038.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5FFC-C
Abstract
Constructing a spanning tree of a graph is one of the most basic tasks in graph theory. We consider this problem in the setting of local algorithms: one wants to quickly determine whether a given edge $e$ is in a specific spanning tree, without computing the whole spanning tree, but rather by inspecting the local neighborhood of $e$. The challenge is to maintain consistency. That is, to answer queries about different edges according to the same spanning tree. Since it is known that this problem cannot be solved without essentially viewing all the graph, we consider the relaxed version of finding a spanning subgraph with $(1+\epsilon)n$ edges (where $n$ is the number of vertices and $\epsilon$ is a given sparsity parameter). It is known that this relaxed problem requires inspecting $\Omega(\sqrt{n})$ edges in general graphs, which motivates the study of natural restricted families of graphs. One such family is the family of graphs with an excluded minor. For this family there is an algorithm that achieves constant success probability, and inspects $(d/\epsilon)^{poly(h)\log(1/\epsilon)}$ edges (for each edge it is queried on), where $d$ is the maximum degree in the graph and $h$ is the size of the excluded minor. The distances between pairs of vertices in the spanning subgraph $G'$ are at most a factor of $poly(d, 1/\epsilon, h)$ larger than in $G$. In this work, we show that for an input graph that is $H$-minor free for any $H$ of size $h$, this task can be performed by inspecting only $poly(d, 1/\epsilon, h)$ edges. The distances between pairs of vertices in the spanning subgraph $G'$ are at most a factor of $\tilde{O}(h\log(d)/\epsilon)$ larger than in $G$. Furthermore, the error probability of the new algorithm is significantly improved to $\Theta(1/n)$. This algorithm can also be easily adapted to yield an efficient algorithm for the distributed setting.