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Measurement-induced optical Kerr interaction


Vaibhav,  Vishal
Optical Quantum Information Theory, Leuchs Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

van Loock,  Peter
van Loock Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Sefi, S., Vaibhav, V., & van Loock, P. (2013). Measurement-induced optical Kerr interaction. PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 88(1): 012303. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.88.012303.

We present a method for implementing a weak optical Kerr interaction (single-mode Kerr Hamiltonian) in a measurement-based fashion using the common set of universal elementary interactions for continuous-variable quantum computation. Our scheme is a conceptually distinct alternative to the use of naturally occurring, weak Kerr nonlinearities or specially designed nonlinear media. Instead, we propose to exploit suitable off-line prepared quartic ancilla states together with beam splitters, squeezers, and homodyne detectors. For perfect ancilla states and ideal operations, our decompositions for obtaining the measurement-based Kerr Hamiltonian lead to a realization with near-unit fidelity. Nonetheless, even by using only approximate ancilla states in the form of superposition states of up to four photons, high fidelities are still attainable. Our scheme requires four elementary operations and its deterministic implementation corresponds to about 10 ancilla-based gate teleportations. We test our measurement-based Kerr interaction against an ideal Kerr Hamiltonian by applying them both to weak coherent states and single-photon superposition states.