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Platinum- and Gold-Catalyzed Rearrangement Reactions of Propargyl Acetates: Total Syntheses of (-)-α-Cubebene, (-)-Cubebol, Sesquicarene and Related Terpenes

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons58380

Fürstner,  Alois
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons58604

Hannen,  Peter
Research Department Fürstner, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Fürstner, A., & Hannen, P. (2006). Platinum- and Gold-Catalyzed Rearrangement Reactions of Propargyl Acetates: Total Syntheses of (-)-α-Cubebene, (-)-Cubebol, Sesquicarene and Related Terpenes. Chemistry – A European Journal, 12(11), 3006-3019. doi:10.1002/chem.200501299.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-AE31-E
Zusammenfassung
Propargyl acetates, in the presence of catalytic amounts of late transition-metal salts such as PtCl2 or AuCl3, represent synthetic equivalents of α-diazoketones. This notion is corroborated by a concise approach to various sesquiterpene natural products starting from readily available substrates. Specifically, (+)-carvomenthone (17) is converted into propargyl acetate (S)-26 by a sequence involving Stille cross-coupling of its kinetic enol triflate 18, regioselective hydroboration/oxidation of the resulting 1,3-diene 19, and addition of an alkynyl cerium reagent to aldehyde 21 thus obtained. Since the latter step was found to be unselective, the configuration of the reacting propargyl acetate was unambiguously set by oxidation followed by diastereoselective transfer hydrogenation by using Noyori's catalyst 25. Compound (S)-26, on treatment with PtCl2 in toluene, converted exclusively to the tricyclic enol acetate 27, which was saponified to give norcubebone 11 in excellent overall yield. The conversion of this compound into the sesquiterpene alcohol (−)-cubebol (6) was best achieved with MeCeCl2 as the nucleophile, whereas the formation of the parent hydrocarbon (−)-α-cubebene (4) was effected in excellent yield by recourse to iron-catalyzed cross coupling methodology developed in this laboratory. Since norketone 11 has previously been transformed into (−)-β-cubebene (5) as well as (−)-4-epicubebol 8, our approach constitutes formal total syntheses of these additional natural products as well. Along similar lines, the readily available propargyl acetates 1, 33 and 47 were shown to give access to 2-carene 44, sesquicarene 39, and episesquicarene 51 in excellent overall yields. In this series, however, the cycloisomerization reaction was best achieved with catalytic amounts of AuCl3 in 1,2-dichloroethane as the solvent. In addition to these preparative results, our data provide some insight into the mechanism of these remarkable skeletal rearrangement reactions. Transformations of this type are likely triggered by initial coordination of the alkyne unit of the substrate to the carbophilic transition-metal cation. Formal attack of the alkene moiety onto the resulting π-complex engenders the formation of an electrophilic cyclopropyl carbene species which subsequently reacts with the adjacent acetate unit to give the final product. The alternative phasing of events, implying initial attack of the acetate (rather than the alkene moiety) onto the metal–alkyne complex, is inconsistent with the stereochemical data obtained during this total synthesis campaign.