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Journal Article

Oligomerization and ligand-binding properties of the ectodomain of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor subunit GluRD

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86971

Abele,  Rupert
Max Planck Research Group Ion Channel Structure (Dean R. Madden), Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons94176

Madden,  Dean R.
Max Planck Research Group Ion Channel Structure (Dean R. Madden), Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kuusinen, A., Abele, R., Madden, D. R., & Keinänen, K. (1999). Oligomerization and ligand-binding properties of the ectodomain of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor subunit GluRD. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(41), 28937-28943. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.41.28937.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-A692-2
Abstract
The extracellular part of ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) subunits can be divided into a conserved two-lobed ligand-binding domain (S1S2) and an N-terminal ˜400-residue segment of unknown function (X domain) which shows high sequence variation among subunits. To investigate the structure and properties of the N-terminal domain, we have now produced affinity-tagged recombinant fragments which represent the X domain of the GluRD subunit of alpha -amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)-selective glutamate receptors either alone or covalently linked to the ligand-binding domain (XS1S2). These fragments were expressed in insect cells as secreted soluble proteins and were recognized by a conformation-specific anti-GluRD monoclonal antibody. A hydrodynamic analysis of the purified fragments revealed them to be dimers, in contrast to the S1S2 ligand-binding domain which is monomeric. The X domain did not bind radiolabeled AMPA or glutamate nor did its presence affect the ligand binding properties of the S1S2 domain. Our findings demonstrate that the N-terminal domain of AMPA receptor can be expressed as a soluble polypeptide and suggest that subunit interactions in iGluR may involve the extracellular domains