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Improving the Price of Anarchy for Selfish Routing via Coordination Mechanisms

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons44250

Christodoulou,  George
Algorithms and Complexity, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons45021

Mehlhorn,  Kurt
Algorithms and Complexity, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons45230

Pyrga,  Evangelia
Algorithms and Complexity, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

1202.2877.pdf
(Preprint), 166KB

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Zitation

Christodoulou, G., Mehlhorn, K., & Pyrga, E. (2013). Improving the Price of Anarchy for Selfish Routing via Coordination Mechanisms. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.2877.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-A61F-A
Zusammenfassung
We reconsider the well-studied Selfish Routing game with affine latency functions. The Price of Anarchy for this class of games takes maximum value 4/3; this maximum is attained already for a simple network of two parallel links, known as Pigou's network. We improve upon the value 4/3 by means of Coordination Mechanisms. We increase the latency functions of the edges in the network, i.e., if $\ell_e(x)$ is the latency function of an edge $e$, we replace it by $\hat{\ell}_e(x)$ with $\ell_e(x) \le \hat{\ell}_e(x)$ for all $x$. Then an adversary fixes a demand rate as input. The engineered Price of Anarchy of the mechanism is defined as the worst-case ratio of the Nash social cost in the modified network over the optimal social cost in the original network. Formally, if $\CM(r)$ denotes the cost of the worst Nash flow in the modified network for rate $r$ and $\Copt(r)$ denotes the cost of the optimal flow in the original network for the same rate then [\ePoA = \max_{r \ge 0} \frac{\CM(r)}{\Copt(r)}.] We first exhibit a simple coordination mechanism that achieves for any network of parallel links an engineered Price of Anarchy strictly less than 4/3. For the case of two parallel links our basic mechanism gives 5/4 = 1.25. Then, for the case of two parallel links, we describe an optimal mechanism; its engineered Price of Anarchy lies between 1.191 and 1.192.