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Journal Article

Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30560

Hampel,  W.
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30766

Lindemann,  Sebastian
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30768

Lindner,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons73111

Marrodán Undagoitia,  Teresa
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31012

Schreiner,  J.
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31050

Simgen,  H.
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31159

Weber,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Fulltext (public)

1311.1088.pdf
(Preprint), 388KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

The XENON100 collaboration, Aprile, E., Alfonsi, M., Arisaka, K., Arneodo, F., Balan, C., et al. (2014). Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 41(3): 035201. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/41/3/035201.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-03CF-D
Abstract
The XENON100 dark matter experiment uses liquid xenon in a time projection chamber (TPC) to measure xenon nuclear recoils resulting from the scattering of dark matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). In this paper, we report the observation of single-electron charge signals which are not related to WIMP interactions. These signals, which show the excellent sensitivity of the detector to small charge signals, are explained as being due to the photoionization of impurities in the liquid xenon and of the metal components inside the TPC. They are used as a unique calibration source to characterize the detector. We explain how we can infer crucial parameters for the XENON100 experiment: the secondary-scintillation gain, the extraction yield from the liquid to the gas phase and the electron drift velocity.