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Stardust Interstellar Preliminary Examination X: Impact speeds and directions of interstellar grains on the Stardust dust collector

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101012

Hoppe,  Peter
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101020

Huth,  Joachim
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101103

Leitner,  Jan
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Sterken, V. J., Westphal, A. J., Altobelli, N., Grün, E., Hillier, J. K., Postberg, F., et al. (2014). Stardust Interstellar Preliminary Examination X: Impact speeds and directions of interstellar grains on the Stardust dust collector. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49(9), 1680-1697. doi:10.1111/maps.12219.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0025-6977-3
Zusammenfassung
On the basis of an interstellar dust model compatible with Ulysses and Galileo observations, we calculate and predict the trajectories of interstellar dust (ISD) in the solar system and the distribution of the impact speeds, directions, and flux of ISD particles on the Stardust Interstellar Dust Collector during the two collection periods of the mission. We find that the expected impact velocities are generally low (<10 km s(-1)) for particles with the ratio of the solar radiation pressure force to the solar gravitational force beta > 1, and that some of the particles will impact on the cometary side of the collector. If we assume astronomical silicates for particle material and a density of 2 g cm(-3), and use the Ulysses measurements and the ISD trajectory simulations, we conclude that the total number of (detectable) captured ISD particles may be on the order of 50. In companion papers in this volume, we report the discovery of three interstellar dust candidates in the Stardust aerogel tiles. The impact directions and speeds of these candidates are consistent with those calculated from our ISD propagation model, within the uncertainties of the model and of the observations.