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Fluid-induced organic synthesis in the solar nebula recorded in extraterrestrial dust from meteorites

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101103

Leitner,  Jan
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101012

Hoppe,  Peter
Particle Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Vollmer, C., Kepaptsoglou, D., Leitner, J., Busemann, H., Spring, N. H., Ramasse, Q. M., et al. (2014). Fluid-induced organic synthesis in the solar nebula recorded in extraterrestrial dust from meteorites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(43), 15338-15343. doi:10.1073/pnas.1408206111.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-B447-C
Zusammenfassung
Isotopically anomalous carbonaceous grains in extraterrestrial samples represent the most pristine organics that were delivered to the early Earth. Here we report on gentle aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy investigations of eight N-15-rich or D-rich organic grains within two carbonaceous Renazzo-type (CR) chondrites and two interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) originating from comets. Organic matter in the IDP samples is less aromatic than that in the CR chondrites, and its functional group chemistry is mainly characterized by C-O bonding and aliphatic C. Organic grains in CR chondrites are associated with carbonates and elemental Ca, which originate either from aqueous fluids or possibly an indigenous organic source. One distinct grain from the CR chondrite NWA 852 exhibits a rim structure only visible in chemical maps. The outer part is nanoglobular in shape, highly aromatic, and enriched in anomalous nitrogen. Functional group chemistry of the inner part is similar to spectra from IDP organic grains and less aromatic with nitrogen below the detection limit. The boundary between these two areas is very sharp. The direct association of both IDP-like organic matter with dominant C-O bonding environments and nanoglobular organics with dominant aromatic and C-N functionality within one unique grain provides for the first time to our knowledge strong evidence for organic synthesis in the early solar system activated by an anomalous nitrogen-containing parent body fluid.