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Diagenesis of speleothems and its effect on the accuracy of 230Th/U-ages

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101256

Scholz,  Denis
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101034

Jochum,  Klaus P.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Scholz, D., Tolzmann, J., Hoffmann, D. L., Jochum, K. P., Spötl, C., & Riechelmann, D. F. C. (2014). Diagenesis of speleothems and its effect on the accuracy of 230Th/U-ages. Chemical Geology, 387, 74-86. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.08.005.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-B3FB-2
Zusammenfassung
Speleothems can be precisely dated by U-series disequilibrium methods. One basic assumption of the Th-230/U-dating method is that the system remains closed and U and Th isotopes are neither lost nor added after deposition. For stalagmites, this requirement is usually fulfilled due to their protected environment in caves. However, undersaturated drip water may lead to diagenesis of speleothem CaCO3 and altered Th-230/U-ages. Here we present a detailed petrographic investigation using thin sections and Th-230/U-ages of a stalagmite from the Riesenberghohle, northern Germany, which grew during Marine Isotope Stages 5e, c and a. The occurrence of a mosaic fabric in large parts of the stalagmite in combination with several age inversions is a clear indication for diagenetic alteration. We discuss the potential diagenetic processes and quantitatively model their influence on the Th-230/U ages. Post-depositional U loss leads to increasing (Th-230/U-238) activity ratios and, thus, apparently older ages. In contrast, post-depositional addition of U results in decreased (Th-230/U-238) activity ratios and apparently younger ages. Comparison with our modelling results suggests that diagenesis occurred early after deposition. Initial and post-depositional detrital contamination probably played a minor role for the observed age inversions. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.