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Precision luminosity measurements at LHCb

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30313

Blouw,  J.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30339

Britsch,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37734

Fontana,  Marianna
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37740

Popov,  Dmitry
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30992

Schmelling,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37744

Volyanskyy,  Dmytro
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31206

Zavertyaev,  Mikhail
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
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1410.0149.pdf
(Preprint), 6MB

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Zitation

LHCb Collaboration, Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Affolder, A., Ajaltouni, Z., et al. (2014). Precision luminosity measurements at LHCb. Journal of Instrumentation, 9(12): P12005. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/9/12/P12005.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-6CC3-B
Zusammenfassung
Measuring cross-sections at the LHC requires the luminosity to be determined accurately at each centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$. In this paper results are reported from the luminosity calibrations carried out at the LHC interaction point 8 with the LHCb detector for $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV (proton-proton collisions) and for $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5 TeV (proton-lead collisions). Both the "van der Meer scan" and "beam-gas imaging" luminosity calibration methods were employed. It is observed that the beam density profile cannot always be described by a function that is factorizable in the two transverse coordinates. The introduction of a two-dimensional description of the beams improves significantly the consistency of the results. For proton-proton interactions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV a relative precision of the luminosity calibration of 1.47% is obtained using van der Meer scans and 1.43% using beam-gas imaging, resulting in a combined precision of 1.12%. Applying the calibration to the full data set determines the luminosity with a precision of 1.16%. This represents the most precise luminosity measurement achieved so far at a bunched-beam hadron collider.