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Journal Article

Precision luminosity measurements at LHCb

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30313

Blouw,  J.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30339

Britsch,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37734

Fontana,  Marianna
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37740

Popov,  Dmitry
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30992

Schmelling,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37744

Volyanskyy,  Dmytro
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31206

Zavertyaev,  Mikhail
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Fulltext (public)

1410.0149.pdf
(Preprint), 6MB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

LHCb Collaboration, Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Affolder, A., Ajaltouni, Z., et al. (2014). Precision luminosity measurements at LHCb. Journal of Instrumentation, 9(12): P12005. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/9/12/P12005.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-6CC3-B
Abstract
Measuring cross-sections at the LHC requires the luminosity to be determined accurately at each centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$. In this paper results are reported from the luminosity calibrations carried out at the LHC interaction point 8 with the LHCb detector for $\sqrt{s}$ = 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV (proton-proton collisions) and for $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5 TeV (proton-lead collisions). Both the "van der Meer scan" and "beam-gas imaging" luminosity calibration methods were employed. It is observed that the beam density profile cannot always be described by a function that is factorizable in the two transverse coordinates. The introduction of a two-dimensional description of the beams improves significantly the consistency of the results. For proton-proton interactions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV a relative precision of the luminosity calibration of 1.47% is obtained using van der Meer scans and 1.43% using beam-gas imaging, resulting in a combined precision of 1.12%. Applying the calibration to the full data set determines the luminosity with a precision of 1.16%. This represents the most precise luminosity measurement achieved so far at a bunched-beam hadron collider.