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Impacts of Geometry, Symmetry, and Morphology of Nanocast Co3O4 on Its Catalytic Activity for Water Oxidation

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons133027

Deng,  Xiaohui
Research Group Tüysüz, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons58966

Schmidt,  W.
Research Group Schmidt, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons59060

Tüysüz,  Harun
Research Group Tüysüz, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Deng, X., Schmidt, W., & Tüysüz, H. (2014). Impacts of Geometry, Symmetry, and Morphology of Nanocast Co3O4 on Its Catalytic Activity for Water Oxidation. Chemistry of Materials, 26(21), 6127-6134. doi:10.1021/cm5023163.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-3BF6-8
Abstract
Herein, we report a systematic study on the synthesis of ordered mesoporous Co3O4 nanocast from cubically (KIT-6) and hexagonally (SBA-15) ordered mesoporous silica hard templates. By increasing the number of impregnation cycles, the effect of loading amount on the replica symmetry as well as on its microstructure and textural parameters was investigated in detail by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and N2 sorption. By changing the loading amount of the metal precursor, we could modify the symmetry, pore systems, and morphologies of the replicas. Low loading favors formation of different symmetry in case of replication of cubically ordered mesoporous Co3O4. Increasing the loading amount results in a perfect negative replica of the KIT-6 silica template. Using the 2D ordered SBA-15, the symmetry of the Co3O4 replicas followed that of the template, regardless of its loading amount. However, the degree of the interconnectivity and the length of the nanowires increased. From the cubically ordered Co3O4 replicas the one with lowest symmetry and open pore system performed best as catalyst for water oxidation whereas for hexagonally ordered Co3O4 replicas highest activity was observed with nanowires that have higher degree of the ordering and interconnectivity. The electrocatalytic results for water oxidation showed that hexagonally ordered Co3O4 shows superior activity to the cubically ordered one.