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Superelectrophilic Tetrakis(carbonyl)palladium(II)- and -platinum(II) Undecafluorodiantimonate(V), [Pd(CO)4][Sb2F11]2 and [Pt(CO)4][Sb2F11]2:  Syntheses, Physical and Spectroscopic Properties, Their Crystal, Molecular, and Extended Structures, and Density Functional Calculations:  An Experimental, Computational, and Comparative Study

MPG-Autoren

Jonas,  Volker
Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons59045

Thiel,  Walter
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Willner, H., Bodenbinder, M., Bröchler, R., Hwang, G., Rettig, S. J., Trotter, J., et al. (2001). Superelectrophilic Tetrakis(carbonyl)palladium(II)- and -platinum(II) Undecafluorodiantimonate(V), [Pd(CO)4][Sb2F11]2 and [Pt(CO)4][Sb2F11]2:  Syntheses, Physical and Spectroscopic Properties, Their Crystal, Molecular, and Extended Structures, and Density Functional Calculations:  An Experimental, Computational, and Comparative Study. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123(4), 588-602. doi:10.1021/ja002360s.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-1DEC-5
Zusammenfassung
The salts [M(CO)4][Sb2F11]2, M = Pd, Pt, are prepared by reductive carbonylation of Pd[Pd(SO3F)6], Pt(SO3F)6 or PtF6 in liquid SbF5, or HF−SbF5. The resulting moisture-sensitive, colorless solids are thermally stable up to 140 °C (M = Pd) or 200 °C (M = Pt). Their thermal decompositions are studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Single crystals of both salts are suitable for an X-ray diffraction study at 180 K. Both isostructural salts crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/c (No. 14). The unit cell volume of [Pt(CO)4][Sb2F11]2 is smaller than that of [Pd(CO)4][Sb2F11]2 by about 0.4%. The cations [M(CO)4]2+, M = Pd, Pt, are square planar with only very slight angular and out-of-plane deviations from D4h symmetry. The interatomic distances and bond angles for both cations are essentially identical. The [Sb2F11]- anions in [M(CO)4][Sb2F11]2, M = Pd, Pt, are not symmetry-related, and both pairs differ in their Sb−F−Sb bridge angles and their dihedral angles. There are in each salt four to five secondary interionic C- -F contacts per CO group. Of these, two contacts per CO group are significantly shorter than the sum of the van der Waals radii by 0.58 − 0.37 Å. In addition, structural, and spectroscopic details of recently synthesized [Rh(CO)4][Al2Cl7] are reported. The cations [Rh(CO)4]+ and [M(CO)4]2+, M = Pd, Pt, are characterized by IR and Raman spectroscopy. Of the 16 vibrational modes (13 observable, 3 inactive) 10 (Pd, Pt) or 9 (Rh), respectively, are found experimentally. The vibrational assignments are supported by DFT calculations, which provide in addition to band positions also intensities of IR bands and Raman signals as well as internal force constants for the cations. 13C NMR measurements complete the characterization of the square planar metal carbonyl cations. The extensive characterization of [M(CO)4][Sb2F11]2, M = Pd, Pt, reported here, allows a comparison to linear and octahedral [M(CO)n][Sb2F11]2 salts [M = Hg (n = 2); Fe, Ru, Os (n = 6)] and their derivatives, which permit a deeper understanding of M−CO bonding in the solid state for superelectrophilic cations with [Sb2F11]- or [SbF6]- as anions.