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Journal Article

Small mass plunging into a Kerr black hole: Anatomy of the inspiral-merger-ringdown waveforms

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons127862

Buonanno,  A.
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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1404.1819.pdf
(Preprint), 3MB

PhysRevD.90_084025.pdf
(Any fulltext), 2MB

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Citation

Taracchini, A., Buonanno, A., Khanna, G., & Hughes, S. A. (2014). Small mass plunging into a Kerr black hole: Anatomy of the inspiral-merger-ringdown waveforms. Physical Review D, 90: 084025. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.90.084025.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0023-F996-5
Abstract
We numerically solve the Teukolsky equation in the time domain to obtain the gravitational-wave emission of a small mass inspiraling and plunging into the equatorial plane of a Kerr black hole. We account for the dissipation of orbital energy using the Teukolsky frequency-domain gravitational-wave fluxes for circular, equatorial orbits, down to the light-ring. We consider Kerr spins $-0.99 \leq q \leq 0.99$, and compute the inspiral-merger-ringdown (2,2), (2,1), (3,3), (3,2), (4,4), and (5,5) modes. We study the large-spin regime, and find a great simplicity in the merger waveforms, thanks to the extremely circular character of the plunging orbits. We also quantitatively examine the mixing of quasinormal modes during the ringdown, which induces complicated amplitude and frequency modulations in the waveforms. Finally, we explain how the study of small mass-ratio black-hole binaries helps extending effective-one-body models for comparable-mass, spinning black-hole binaries to any mass ratio and spin magnitude.