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Anisotropy of in-plane thermal conductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-δ

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Wand, B., Sparn, G., Steglich, F., Liu, X., Wosnitza, J., von Löhneysen, H., et al. (1996). Anisotropy of in-plane thermal conductivity in YBa2Cu3O7-δ. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 105(3-4), 993-998. doi:10.1007/BF00768512.

The thermal conductivity kappa of two untwinned single crystals of YBa2Cu3O7-delta (T-C=91 K) has been measured along the a- (kappa(a)) and b-axis (kappa(b)) for 0.1K<T<80K and in magnetic fields B less than or equal to 6 T (B parallel to j(th)). For T<T-C a maximum in kappa is found for both directions (kappa(a): T(max)approximate to 45 K, kappa(b): T(max)approximate to 54 K). Foe T>30 K kappa(b) is found to be larger than kappa(a), while for 0.2 K<T<30 K, kappa(a)=kappa(b) within experimental resolution. At the lowest temperatures accessible in our experiment kappa(b) asymptotically approaches a linear in T dependence pointing towards an additional contribution of the thermal conductivity parallel to the direction of the Cu-O chains at T<0.3 K. Applying a magnetic field (B=6 T) leaves kappa(a) (0.2K<T<30K) and kappa(b) (0.1 K<T<30 K) unchanged. These findings are discussed in the light of a superposition of phononic and electronic thermal conductivities and their relevance to the recently proposed d-wave scenario for unconventional superconductivity in oxide superconductors.