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NMR study of strongly correlated electron systems

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Kitaoka, Y., Tou, H., Zheng, G.-q., Ishida, K., Asayama, K., Kobayashi, T. C., et al. (1995). NMR study of strongly correlated electron systems. Physica B-Condensed Matter, 206-207(1-4), 55-61. doi:10.1016/0921-4526(94)00365-3.

Various types of ground states in strongly correlated electron systems have been systematically investigated by means of NMR/NQR at low temperatures under high magnetic field and pressure. We focus on two well-known heavy-electron families, CeCu 2X 2 (X=Si and Ge) (Ce(122)) and UM 2Al 3 (M=Ni and Pd) (U(123)). The Cu NQR experiments on CeCu 2X 2 under high pressure indicate that the physical property of CeCu 2Ge 2 at high pressure, i.e. above the transition at 7.6 GPa from antiferromagnetic (AF) to superconductivity, are clearly related to that of CeCu 2Si 2 at ambient pressure. In addition to the H-T phase diagram established below 7 T, NMR and specific heat experiments on polycrystal CeCu 2.05Si 2 have revealed the presence of a new phase above 7 T. In a high-quality polycrystal of UPd 2Al 3 with a record high-T c of 2K at ambient pressure and the narrowest Al NQR line width, the nuclear-spin lattice relaxation rate, 27(1/T 1) measured in zero field has been found to obey the T 3 law down to 0.13 K, giving strong evidence that the energy gap vanishes along lines on the Fermi surface. Thus it seems that all heavy-electron superconductors exhibit lines of zero gap, regardless of their different magnetic properties.