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Conference Paper

Algorithmic Aspects of Dominator Colorings in Graphs

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Arumugam, S., Chandrasekar, K. R., Misra, N., Philip, G., & Saurabh, S. (2011). Algorithmic Aspects of Dominator Colorings in Graphs. In C. S. Iliopoulos, & W. F. Smyth (Eds.), Combinatorial Algorithms (pp. 19-30). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-25011-8_2.

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In this paper we initiate a systematic study of a problem that has the flavor of two classical problems, namely \sc Coloring} and {\sc Domination}, from the perspective of algorithms and complexity. A {\it dominator coloring} of a graph G is an assignment of colors to the vertices of G such that it is a proper coloring and every vertex dominates all the vertices of at least one color class. The minimum number of colors required for a dominator coloring of G is called the {\it dominator chromatic number} of G and is denoted by χ_d(G). In the {\sc Dominator Coloring (DC)} problem, a graph G and a positive integer k are given as input and the objective is to check whether χ_d(G)≤q k. We first show that unless P=NP, DC cannot be solved in polynomial time on bipartite, planar, or split graphs. This resolves an open problem posed by Chellali and Maffray [{\it Dominator Colorings in Some Classes of Graphs, Graphs and Combinatorics, 2011] about the polynomial time solvability of DC on chordal graphs. We then complement these hardness results by showing that the problem is fixed parameter tractable (FPT) on chordal graphs and in graphs which exclude a fixed apex graph as a minor.