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Deletion Mutagenesis of the Amino−Terminal Head Domain of Vimentin Reveals Dispensability of Large Internal Regions for Intermediate Filament Assembly and Stability

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons95345

Shoeman,  Robert L.
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons92197

Berthel,  Monika
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Shoeman, R. L., Hartig, R., Berthel, M., & Traub, P. (2002). Deletion Mutagenesis of the Amino−Terminal Head Domain of Vimentin Reveals Dispensability of Large Internal Regions for Intermediate Filament Assembly and Stability. Experimental Cell Research, 279(2), 344-353. doi:10.1006/excr.2002.5618.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-9EFB-B
Zusammenfassung
Previous studies have shown that the non−−helical head domain of vimentin is required for polymerization of intermediate filaments (IFs) and, furthermore, a nonapeptide highly conserved among type III IF subunit proteins at their extreme amino−terminus is essential for this process. Recombinant DNA technology was employed to produce specific vimentin deletion mutant proteins (for in vitro studies) or vimentin protein expression plasmids (for in vivo studies), which were used to identify other regions of the vimentin head domain important for polymerization. Various vimentin proteins lacking either residues 25−38, 44−95, or 40−95 polymerized into wild−type or largely normal IFs, both in vitro and in vivo. Vimentin proteins lacking residues 44−69 or 25−63 failed to form IFs in vitro, but assembled into IFs in vivo. Vimentin proteins lacking residues 25− 68, 44−103, or 88−103 failed to form IFs in vitro or in vivo. Taken together with previous results, these data demonstrate that the middle of the vimentin non−−helical head domain, which is known to be the site of nucleic acid binding, is completely dispensable for IF formation, whereas both ends of the vimentin non−−helical head domain are required for IF formation. The simplest explanation for these results is that the middle of the vimentin non−−helical head domain loops out, thereby permitting the juxtaposition of the ends of the head domain and their productive interaction with other protein domains (probably the C−terminus of the rod domain) during IF polymerization. The ability of some of the mutant proteins to form IFs in vivo, but not in vitro, suggests that as−yet−unknown cellular proteins may interact with and, in some cases, enable polymerization of IFs, even though they are not absolutely required for IF formation by wild−type vimentin