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Molecular Basis of Phosphorylation−Induced Activation of the NADPH Oxidase

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons93194

Groemping,  Yvonne
Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons94973

Rittinger,  Katrin
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Groemping, Y., Lapouge, K., Smerdon, S. J., & Rittinger, K. (2003). Molecular Basis of Phosphorylation−Induced Activation of the NADPH Oxidase. Cell, 113(3), 343-355. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00314-3.


Zusammenfassung
The multi−subunit NADPH oxidase complex plays a crucial role in host defense against microbial infection through the production of reactive oxygen species. Activation of the NADPH oxidase requires the targeting of a cytoplasmic p40−p47−p67phox complex to the membrane bound heterodimeric p22−gp91phox flavocytochrome. This interaction is prevented in the resting state due to an auto−inhibited conformation of p47phox. The X−ray structure of the auto−inhibited form of p47phox reveals that tandem SH3 domains function together to maintain the cytoplasmic complex in an inactive form. Further structural and biochemical data show that phosphorylation of p47phox activates a molecular switch that relieves the inhibitory intramolecular interaction. This permits p47phox to interact with the cytoplasmic tail of p22phox and initiate formation of the active, membrane bound enzyme complex