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Superposition Decides the First-order Logic Fragment Over Ground Theories

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons44851

Kruglov,  Evgeny
Automation of Logic, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons45719

Weidenbach,  Christoph
Automation of Logic, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Kruglov, E., & Weidenbach, C. (2012). Superposition Decides the First-order Logic Fragment Over Ground Theories. Mathematics in Computer Science, 6(4), 427-456. doi:10.1007/s11786-012-0135-4.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-B3CE-4
Abstract
The hierarchic superposition calculus over a theory T, called SUP(T), enables sound reasoning on the hierarchic combination of a theory T with full first-order logic, FOL(T). If a FOL(T) clause set enjoys a sufficient completeness criterion, the calculus is even complete. Clause sets over the ground fragment of FOL(T) are not sufficiently complete, in general. In this paper we show that any clause set over the ground FOL(T) fragment can be transformed into a sufficiently complete one, and prove that SUP(T) terminates on the transformed clause set, hence constitutes a decision procedure provided the existential fragment of the theory T is decidable. Thanks to the hierarchic design of SUP(T), the decidability result can be extended beyond the ground case. We show SUP(T) is a decision procedure for the non-ground FOL fragment plus a theory T, if every non-constant function symbol from the underlying FOL signature ranges into the sort of the theory T, and every term of the theory sort is ground. Examples for T are in particular decidable fragments of arithmetic.