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Inferring nucleosome positions with their histone mark annotation from ChIP data

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons73761

Mammana,  Alessandro
Computational Epigenetics (Ho-Ryun Chung), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50613

Vingron,  Martin
Gene regulation (Martin Vingron), Dept. of Computational Molecular Biology (Head: Martin Vingron), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50124

Chung,  Ho-Ryun
Computational Epigenetics (Ho-Ryun Chung), Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Mammana et al.pdf
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Zitation

Mammana, A., Vingron, M., & Chung, H.-R. (2013). Inferring nucleosome positions with their histone mark annotation from ChIP data. Bioinformatics, 29(20), 2547-2554. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btt449.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-7C23-7
Zusammenfassung
MOTIVATION: The nucleosome is the basic repeating unit of chromatin. It contains two copies each of the four core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 and about 147 bp of DNA. The residues of the histone proteins are subject to numerous post-translational modifications, such as methylation or acetylation. Chromatin immunoprecipitiation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) is a technique that provides genome-wide occupancy data of these modified histone proteins, and it requires appropriate computational methods. RESULTS: We present NucHunter, an algorithm that uses the data from ChIP-seq experiments directed against many histone modifications to infer positioned nucleosomes. NucHunter annotates each of these nucleosomes with the intensities of the histone modifications. We demonstrate that these annotations can be used to infer nucleosomal states with distinct correlations to underlying genomic features and chromatin-related processes, such as transcriptional start sites, enhancers, elongation by RNA polymerase II and chromatin-mediated repression. Thus, NucHunter is a versatile tool that can be used to predict positioned nucleosomes from a panel of histone modification ChIP-seq experiments and infer distinct histone modification patterns associated to different chromatin states. AVAILABILITY: The software is available at http://epigen.molgen.mpg.de/nuchunter/. CONTACT: chung@molgen.mpg.de SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.