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Coronium in the laboratory: measuring the Fe XIV green coronal line by laser spectroscopy

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37838

Schnorr,  Kirsten
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30787

Mäckel,  Volkhard
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37662

Oreshkina,  Natalia
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society,;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30345

Brunner,  Franziska Ruth
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysikalische Chemie, Am Fassberg 11, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30565

Harman,  Zoltan
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society,;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30659

Keitel,  Christoph H.
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society,;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons31125

Ullrich,  Joachim H.
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30383

Crespo López-Urrutia,  José Ramón
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Schnorr, K., Mäckel, V., Oreshkina, N., Augustin, S., Brunner, F. R., Harman, Z., et al. (2013). Coronium in the laboratory: measuring the Fe XIV green coronal line by laser spectroscopy. The Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 776(2): 121. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/121.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-6643-C
Abstract
The green coronal line at 530.3 nm was first observed during the total solar eclipse of 1869. Once identified as emitted by Fe XIV, it became clear that this highly charged ion was typical for the range of temperatures found in coronal plasmas, stellar winds, outflows, and accretion disks. Under these conditions of high ionization, the strongest transitions are in the X-ray, extreme ultraviolet, and ultraviolet wavelength range, with only few optical lines. For these so-called forbidden coronal lines, only scarce laboratory data is available, and even advanced atomic theory codes cannot yet predict their wavelengths with the accuracy required for precise absolute velocity determinations of such plasmas. Here we report on a study of the Fe XIV line, a key coronal transition of a highly charged ion, using laser spectroscopy in an electron beam ion trap, obtaining the first laboratory measurement of 530.2801(4) nm for its rest wavelength. The result enables the determination of absolute line shifts and line broadenings in hot turbulent plasmas and astrophysical environments, with an error bar of only 0.24 km s–1. In addition, our measurement provides a much-needed benchmark for advanced atomic structure calculations, which are fundamental for astronomy.