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From Black and White to Full Colour: Extending Redescription Mining Outside the Boolean World

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons79269

Galbrun,  Esther
Databases and Information Systems, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons45046

Miettinen,  Pauli
Databases and Information Systems, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Galbrun, E., & Miettinen, P. (2012). From Black and White to Full Colour: Extending Redescription Mining Outside the Boolean World. Statistical Analysis and Data Mining, 5(4), 284-303. doi:10.1002/sam.11145.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-5A2A-2
Abstract
Redescription mining is a powerful data analysis tool that is used to find multiple descriptions of the same entities. Consider geographical regions as an example. They can be characterized by the fauna that inhabits them on one hand and by their meteorological conditions on the other hand. Finding such redescriptors, a task known as niche-finding, is of much importance in biology. Current redescription mining methods cannot handle other than Boolean data. This restricts the range of possible applications or makes discretization a prerequisite, entailing a possibly harmful loss of information. In niche-finding, while the fauna can be naturally represented using a Boolean presence/absence data, the weather cannot. In this paper, we extend redescription mining to categorical and real-valued data with possibly missing values using a surprisingly simple and efficient approach. We provide extensive experimental evaluation to study the behaviour of the proposed algorithm. Furthermore, we show the statistical significance of our results using recent innovations on randomization methods.