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Photon transport in one-dimensional systems coupled to three-level quantum impurities


Longo,  Paolo
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society,;
Institut für Theoretische Festkörperphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Wolfgang-Gaede-Strasse 1, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany ;

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Martens, C., Longo, P., & Busch, K. (2013). Photon transport in one-dimensional systems coupled to three-level quantum impurities. New Journal of Physics, 15(8): 083019. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/15/8/083019.

We discuss the transport properties of a single photon in a one-dimensional waveguide with an embedded three-level atom and utilize both stationary plane-wave solutions and time-dependent transport calculations to investigate the interaction of a photon with driven and undriven V- and Λ-systems. Specifically, for the case of an undriven V-system, we analyze the phenomenon of long-time occupation of the upper atomic levels in conjunction with almost dark states. For the undriven Λ-system, we find non-stationary dark states and we explain how the photon's transmittance can be controlled by an initial phase difference between the energetically lower-lying atomic states. With regard to the driven three-level systems, we discuss electromagnetically induced transparency in terms of the pulse propagation of a single photon through a Λ-type atom. In addition, we demonstrate how a driven V-type atom can be utilized to control the momentum distribution of the scattered photon