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Vehicle emissions of greenhouse gases and related tracers from a tunnel study: CO:CO2, N2O:CO2, CH4 :CO2, O2 :CO2 ratios, and the stable isotopes 13C and 18O in CO2 and CO

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62423

Jordan,  Armin
Service Facility Gas Analytical Laboratory, Dr. A. Jordan, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62345

Brand,  Willi A.
Service Facility Stable Isotope, Dr. W. A. Brand, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62534

Rothe,  Michael
Service Facility Stable Isotope, Dr. W. A. Brand, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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BGC1908D.pdf
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Citation

Popa, M. E., Vollmer, M. K., Jordan, A., Brand, W. A., Pathirana, S. L., Rothe, M., et al. (2014). Vehicle emissions of greenhouse gases and related tracers from a tunnel study: CO:CO2, N2O:CO2, CH4:CO2, O2:CO2 ratios, and the stable isotopes 13C and 18O in CO2 and CO. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14(4), 2105-2123. doi:10.5194/acp-14-2105-2014.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-4D94-C
Abstract
Measurements of CO2, CO, N2O and CH4 mole fractions, O2/N2 ratios and the stable isotopes 13C and 18O in CO2 and CO have been performed in air samples from the highway tunnel Islisberg (Switzerland). The CO:CO2 ratios, with an average of (4.15±0.34) 5 ppb : ppm, are lower than reported by previous studies, pointing to a reduction in CO emissions from traffic. The 13C in CO2 reflects the isotopic composition of the fuel. 18O in CO2 is slightly depleted compared to the 18O in atmospheric O2, and shows significant variability. In contrast, the 13C values of CO show that significant fractionation takes place during CO destruction in the catalytic converter. 13C in CO is 10 enriched by 3% compared to the 13C in the fuel burnt, while the 18O content is similar to that of atmospheric O2. We compute a fractionation constant of (−2.7±0.7)% for 13C during CO destruction. The N2O:CO2 average ratio (1.8±0.2)×10−2 ppb : ppm is significantly lower than in past studies, showing a reduction in N2O emissions likely related to improvements in the catalytic technology. We also observed small CH4 emissions, with an average CH4 :CO2 ratio of (4.6±0.2)×10−2 ppb : ppm. The O2 :CO2 ratios of (−1.47±0.01) ppm : ppm are very close to the expected, theoretically calculated values.