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Eddy covariance measurements of nitric oxide flux within an Amazonian rain forest

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101228

Rummel,  U.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons100832

Ammann,  C.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons100975

Gut,  A.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101133

Meixner,  F. X.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons100833

Andreae,  M. O.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Rummel, U., Ammann, C., Gut, A., Meixner, F. X., & Andreae, M. O. (2002). Eddy covariance measurements of nitric oxide flux within an Amazonian rain forest. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(D20): 8050. doi:10.1029/2001JD000520.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-90B0-7
Zusammenfassung
NO flux measurements by the eddy covariance technique were performed within a tropical rain forest 1 m and 11 m above the forest floor. A fast-response chemiluminescence NO analyzer with a sampling tube of 25 m length was used for the gas measurements. Nighttime similarity between the cospectra of sensible heat and the NO flux offered the possibility to quantify the high-frequency attenuation of the NO eddy covariance by spectral analysis. Integrated flux correction factors of about 21% for the system at 1 m and 5% for the one at 11 m above ground were calculated by transfer functions adopted from the literature and confirmed experimentally. For an independent validation the results of the eddy covariance system were compared with the NO soil emissions obtained by dynamic chambers. For nighttime averages, good agreement within 10% was found. The obtained NO fluxes were 3.5 +/- 0.14 and 4.8 +/- 0.39 ng N m(-2) s(-1) for the two investigated periods at 1 and 11 m heights, respectively. During the day, chemical reaction with ozone entrained from aloft reduced the fraction of the soil-emitted NO that reached the measuring height of the eddy covariance system. The average flux showed a reduction of 48% at 1 m and 92% at 11 m height compared to the corresponding soil emission measured by the chamber system.