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Evaluation of stratosphere-troposphere exchange and the hydroxyl radical distribution in three-dimensional global atmospheric models using observations of cosmogenic 14CO

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101035

Jöckel,  P.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons100865

Brenninkmeijer,  C. A. M.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101101

Lawrence,  M. G.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Jöckel, P., Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M., Lawrence, M. G., Jeuken, A. B. M., & van Velthoven, P. F. J. (2002). Evaluation of stratosphere-troposphere exchange and the hydroxyl radical distribution in three-dimensional global atmospheric models using observations of cosmogenic 14CO. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(D20): 4446. doi:10.1029/2001JD001324.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-909E-4
Zusammenfassung
A new method for the quantitative evaluation of global atmospheric transport and the hydroxyl radical (OH)-based oxidation in three-dimensional (3-D) atmospheric chemistry transport models (CTMs) and general circulation models (GCMs) is developed. The method is based on a cosmogenic (CO)-C-14 climatology that has been previously derived from a large number of (CO)-C-14 observations. Using (CO)-C-14 measurements to constrain model OH distributions and the simulated stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE) provides a challenging test for 3-D atmospheric models. Here, the evaluation method is applied to the CTMs MATCH and TM3. Whereas MATCH overestimates the STE in both hemispheres, TM3 does reproduce the STE in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) but underestimates it in the Northern Hemisphere (NH). The STE phase in MATCH is 1 month too early, whereas no significant phase shift for TM3 is revealed. These characteristic deficiencies in both models were consistently determined, i.e., with the same boundary conditions (OH distribution and (CO)-C-14 source distribution). The robustness of the results is tested by various sensitivity studies, involving the (CO)-C-14 source distribution and strength, the tropospheric OH distribution, the stratospheric OH abundance, and the applied numerical advection scheme. Consistency is further checked by comparison of the model simulated vertical (CO)-C-14 profiles to (CO)-C-14 observations from a number of aircraft campaigns. The (CO)-C-14 simulations do not support an interhemispheric asymmetry in the OH abundance with an on average higher concentration in the SH.