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Complex refractive index of aerosols during LACE 98 as derived from the analysis of individual particles

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101204

Rausch,  A.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons100988

Helas,  G.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Ebert, M., Weinbruch, S., Rausch, A., Gorzawski, G., Hoffmann, P., Wex, H., et al. (2002). Complex refractive index of aerosols during LACE 98 as derived from the analysis of individual particles. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(D21): 8121. doi:10.1029/2000JD000195.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-9094-7
Zusammenfassung
[1] During the Lindenberger Aerosol Characterization Experiment (LACE 98), impactor sampling of aerosol particles in the size range of 0.1 to 25 mum was performed. The atmospheric concentrations of the elements sodium to lead (11 less than or equal to Z less than or equal to 83) were determined by total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis. Approximately 15,500 individual particles were examined by high-resolution scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, and about 3800 particles were examined by transmission electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. On the basis of morphology and chemical composition the particles were classified into 10 different groups: ammonium sulfates, calcium sulfates, sea salt, metal oxides/hydroxides, carbonates, silicates, soot, biological particles, carbon/sulfate mixed particles, and rest of carbon-rich particles C rest. The phases present in the different particle groups were determined by selected area electron diffraction in the transmission electron microscope. In addition, the heterogeneous phase composition of agglomerates was studied in detail. On the basis of the size distribution and the relative abundance of the particle groups, the average and size-resolved complex refractive index of the total aerosol were calculated. The real part of the average refractive index mainly depends on the abundance of metal oxide/hydroxide particles and varied between 1.52 and 1.57 on the different sampling days. The average imaginary part varied between 0.031 and 0.057 depending on the amounts of soot and carbon/sulfate mixed particles. The average complex refractive index deduced from the analysis of individual aerosol particles is in good agreement with the results of photometer measurements of dried filter samples.