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Nd-isotope systematics of ~2.7 Ga adakites, magnesian andesites, and arc basalts, Superior Province: evidence for shallow crustal recycling at Archean subduction zones

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101190

Polat,  A.
Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Polat, A., & Kerrich, R. (2002). Nd-isotope systematics of ~2.7 Ga adakites, magnesian andesites, and arc basalts, Superior Province: evidence for shallow crustal recycling at Archean subduction zones. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 202(2), 345-360.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-9084-9
Abstract
An association of adakite, magnesian andesite (MA), and Nb- enriched basalt (NEB) volcanic flows, which erupted within 'normal' intra-oceanic arc tholeiitic to calc-alkaline basalts, has recently been documented in similar to2.7 Ga Wawa greenstone belts. Large, positive initial epsilon(Nd) values (+1.95 to +2.45) of the adakites signify that their basaltic precursors, with a short crustal residence, were derived from a long-term depleted mantle source. It is likely that the adakites represent the melts of subducted late Archean oceanic crust. Initial epsilon(Nd) values in the MA (+0.14 to +1.68), Nb-enriched basalts and andesites (NEBA) (+1.11 to +2.05), and 'normal' intra-oceanic are tholeiitic to calc-alkaline basalts and andesites (+1.44 to +2.44) overlap with, but extend to lower values than, the adakites. Large, tightly clustered epsilon(Nd) values of the adakites, together with Th/Ce and Ce/Yb systematics of the arc basalts that rule out sediment melting, place the enriched source in the sub-arc mantle. Accordingly, isotopic data for the MA, NEBA, and 'normal' arc basalts can be explained by melting of an isotopically heterogeneous sub-arc mantle that had been variably enriched by recycling of continental material into the shallow mantle in late Archean subduction zones up to 200 Ma prior to the 2.7 Ga arc. If the late Archean Wawa adakites, MA, and basalts were generated by similar geodynamic processes as their counterparts in Cenozoic arcs, involving subduction of young and/or hot ocean lithosphere, then it is likely that late Archean oceanic crust, and arc crust, were also created and destroyed by modern plate tectonic-like geodynamic processes. This study suggests that crustal recycling through subduction zone processes played an important role for the generation of heterogeneity in the Archean upper mantle. In addition, the results of this study indicate that the Nd-isotope compositions of Archean arc- and plume-derived volcanic rocks are not very distinct, whereas Phanerozoic plumes and intra-oceanic arcs tend to have different Nd-isotopic compositions. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.