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Physical and chemical properties of the waters of saline lakes and their importance for deep-water renewal: Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons101337

Vollmer,  M. K.
Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Vollmer, M. K., Weiss, R. F., Williams, R. T., Falkner, K. K., Qiu, X., Ralph, E. A., et al. (2002). Physical and chemical properties of the waters of saline lakes and their importance for deep-water renewal: Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(24), 4235-4246.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-9048-2
Abstract
The relationships between electrical conductivity, temperature, salinity, and density are studied for brackish Lake Issyk-Kul. These studies are based on a newly determined major ion composition, which for the open lake shows a mean absolute salinity of 6.06 g kg(-1). The conductivity-temperature relationship of the lake water was determined experimentally showing that the lake water is about 1.25 times less conductive than seawater diluted to the same absolute salinity as that of the lake water. Based on these results, an algorithm is presented to calculate salinity from in-situ conductivity measurements. Applied to the field data, this shows small but important vertical salinity variations in the lake with a salinity maximum at 200 m and a freshening of the surface water with increasing proximity to the shores. The algorithm we adopt to calculate density agrees well with earlier measurements and shows that at 20degreesC and I atm Lake Issyk-Kul water is about 530 g m(-3) denser than seawater at the same salinity. The temperature of maximum density at I atm is about 0.15degreesC lower than that for seawater diluted to the same salinity. Despite its small variations, salinity plays an important role, together with temperature changes, in the static stability and in the production of deep-water in this lake. Changes in salinity may have had important consequences on the mixing regime and the fate of inflowing river water over geological time. Uncharged silicic acid is negligible for the stability of the water column except near an similar to15 m thick nepheloid layer observed at the bottom of the deep basin. Copyright (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.