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An automated GC-C-GC-IRMS setup to measure paleoatmospheric δ13C-CH4, δ15N-N2O and δ18O-N2O in one ice core sample

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons81139

Sperlich,  Peter
Service Facility Stable Isotope, Dr. W. A. Brand, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Sperlich, P., Buizert, C., Jenk, T., Sapart, C. J., Prokopiou, M., Röckmann, T., et al. (2013). An automated GC-C-GC-IRMS setup to measure paleoatmospheric δ13C-CH4, δ15N-N2O and δ18O-N2O in one ice core sample. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 2027-2041. doi:10.5194/amt-6-2027-2013.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-1BC3-D
Abstract
Air bubbles in ice core samples represent the only opportunity to study the mixing ratio and isotopic variability of paleoatmospheric CH4 and N2O. The highest possible precision in isotope measurements is required to maximize the resolving power for CH4 and N2O sink and source reconstructions. We present a new setup to measure δ13C-CH4, δ15N-N2O and δ18O-N2O isotope ratios in one ice core sample and with one single IRMS instrument, with a precision of 0.09 ‰, 0.6 ‰ and 0.7 ‰, respectively, as determined on 0.6-1.6 nmol CH4 and 0.25-0.6 nmol N2O. The isotope ratios are referenced to the VPDB scale (δ13C-CH4), the N2-air scale (δ15N-N2O) and the VSMOW scale (δ18O-N2O). Ice core samples of 200-500 g are melted while the air is constantly extracted to minimize gas dissolution. A helium carrier gas flow transports the sample through the analytical system. We introduce a new gold catalyst to oxidize CO to CO2 in the air sample. CH4 and N2O are then separated from N2, O2, Ar and CO2 before they get pre-concentrated and separated by gas chromatography. A combustion unit is required for δ13C-CH4 analysis, which is equipped with a constant oxygen supply as well as a post-combustion trap and a post-combustion GC-column (GC-C-GC-IRMS). The post combustion trap and the second GC column in the GC-C-GC-IRMS combination prevent Kr and N2O interferences during the isotopic analysis of CH4-derived CO2. These steps increase the time for δ13C-CH4 measurements, which is used to measure δ15N-N2O and δ18O-N2O first and then δ13C-CH4. The analytical time is adjusted to ensure stable conditions in the ion source before each sample gas enters the IRMS, thereby improving the precision achieved for measurements of CH4 and N2O on the same IRMS. The precision of our measurements is comparable to or better than that of recently published systems. Our setup is calibrated by analyzing multiple reference gases that were injected over bubble-free-ice samples. We show that our measurements of δ13C-CH4 in ice core samples are generally in good agreement with previously published data after the latter have been corrected for krypton interferences.