de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Report

Directed single-source shortest-paths in linear average-case time

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons45038

Meyer,  Ulrich
Algorithms and Complexity, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

Locator
There are no locators available
Fulltext (public)

2001-1-002
(Any fulltext), 11KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Meyer, U.(2001). Directed single-source shortest-paths in linear average-case time (MPI-I-2001-1-002). Saarbrücken: Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-6D44-5
Abstract
The quest for a linear-time single-source shortest-path (SSSP) algorithm on directed graphs with positive edge weights is an ongoing hot research topic. While Thorup recently found an ${\cal O}(n+m)$ time RAM algorithm for undirected graphs with $n$ nodes, $m$ edges and integer edge weights in $\{0,\ldots, 2^w-1\}$ where $w$ denotes the word length, the currently best time bound for directed sparse graphs on a RAM is ${\cal O}(n+m \cdot \log\log n)$. In the present paper we study the average-case complexity of SSSP. We give simple label-setting and label-correcting algorithms for arbitrary directed graphs with random real edge weights uniformly distributed in $\left[0,1\right]$ and show that they need linear time ${\cal O}(n+m)$ with high probability. A variant of the label-correcting approach also supports parallelization. Furthermore, we propose a general method to construct graphs with random edge weights which incur large non-linear expected running times on many traditional shortest-path algorithms.