de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Report

Bottleneck behavior in CNF formulas

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons44632

Hoffmann,  Jörg
Programming Logics, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

Locator
There are no locators available
Fulltext (public)

MPI-I-2005-2-001.ps
(Any fulltext), 471KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Hoffmann, J., Gomes, C., & Selman, B.(2005). Bottleneck behavior in CNF formulas (MPI-I-2005-2-001). Saarbrücken: Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-6849-3
Abstract
Recent research has revealed that CNF formulas encoding applications often contain very small backdoors, i.e. subsets of variables branching over which suffices to decide satisfiability with a DPLL procedure. We shed light on what kinds of problem structure {\em cause} the existence of such small backdoors. We examine carefully crafted synthetic domains, clean enough to allow a rigorous analysis of DPLL search spaces, yet meaningful enough to allow conclusions about more practical domains. The synthetic CNF encodings are parameterized not only in their size, but also by a structure parameter controlling the extent of an intuitive bottleneck behavior in the underlying task. We investigate the size of the smallest possible backdoors as a function of the structure parameter. We prove upper bounds that, in certain cases, decrease {\em exponentially} in that parameter. We empirically verified the upper bounds as lower bounds in formulas small enough for full empirical exploration, and we conjecture that the upper bounds are exact in general. We present empirical results indicating that our notion of bottleneck behavior is relevant not only in our synthetic domains, but also in more practical domains.