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Phenylhydrazide as an enzyme-labile protecting group in peptide synthesis

MPG-Autoren

Völkert,  Martin
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons98735

Waldmann,  Herbert
Abt. IV: Chemische Biologie, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Völkert, M., Koul, S., Müller, G. H., Lehnig, M., & Waldmann, H. (2002). Phenylhydrazide as an enzyme-labile protecting group in peptide synthesis. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 67(20): 1, pp. 6902-6910. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jo0259966.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-0DF4-E
Zusammenfassung
The enzymatic cleavage of amino acid phenylhydrazides with the enzyme tyrosinase (EC 1.14.181.1) offers a new, mild, and selective method for C-terminal deprotection of peptides. The advantages of the described methodology are the very mild oxidative removal of the protecting group at room temperature and pH 7, a high chemo- and regioselectivity, and the availability of the biocatalyst. Even in oxygen-saturated solution, the oxidation of sensitive methionine residues was not observed. These features make the methodology suitable for the synthesis of sensitive peptide conjugates. Mechanistic data suggest that the hydrolysis of the oxidized adducts proceeds by a free-radical mechanism.