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Sub-Poissonian statistics of Rydberg-interacting dark-state polaritons

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37683

Gärttner,  Martin
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, ;
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons30455

Evers,  Jörg
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

1211.7265.pdf
(Preprint), 948KB

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Zitation

Hofmann, C. S., Günter, G., Schempp, H., Robert-de-Saint-Vincent, M., Gärttner, M., Evers, J., et al. (2013). Sub-Poissonian statistics of Rydberg-interacting dark-state polaritons. Physical Review Letters, 110(20): 203601, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.203601.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-F3E7-4
Zusammenfassung
Interfacing light and matter at the quantum level is at the heart of modern atomic and optical physics and enables new quantum technologies involving the manipulation of single photons and atoms. A prototypical atom-light interface is electromagnetically induced transparency, in which quantum interference gives rise to hybrid states of photons and atoms called dark-state polaritons. We have observed individual dark-state polaritons as they propagate through an ultracold atomic gas involving Rydberg states. Strong long-range interactions between Rydberg atoms give rise to an effective interaction blockade for dark-state polaritons, which results in large optical nonlinearities and modified polariton number statistics. The observed statistical fluctuations drop well below the quantum noise limit indicating that photon correlations modified by the strong interactions have a significant back-action on the Rydberg atom statistics.