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Comparison of color sensation in dichoptic and in normal vision


Wehrhahn,  C
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Wehrhahn, C. (1987). Comparison of color sensation in dichoptic and in normal vision. Biological Cybernetics, 57(4-5), 213-215. doi:10.1007/BF00338814.

Color vision in humans is independent over a wide range of the spectral composition of the illuminating light (Young 1807; Hering 1879). The retinex theory accounts for this color constancy by assuming that for each of the three waveband channels determined by the retinal cones a global lightness record of the scene is first computed by the visual system. The three records then serve to generate color at every point (Land 1983). Where do these computations take place? In this report a scene consisting of fourteen colored fields was viewed while one band of wave-lengths enters one eye and a different band enters the other (dichotpic case) or while both bands enter both eyes (normal case) under otherwise identical conditions. The perceived color of every field is very similar in both cases although the physical stimulation of the eyes differs. It is also found that color constancy is maintained under dichoptic conditions. The results show that the cortex is crucial for the computation of color.