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Preferred mental models in qualitative spatial reasoning: A cognitive assessment of Allen's calculus

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84019

Knauff,  M
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Knauff, M., Rauh, R., & Schlieder, C. (1995). Preferred mental models in qualitative spatial reasoning: A cognitive assessment of Allen's calculus. In Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 200-205).


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-ECE6-1
Abstract
An experiment based on Allen's calculus and its transfer to qualitative spatial reasoning, was conducted. Subjects had to find a conclusion X r3 Z that was consistent with the given premises X r1 Y and Y r2 Z. Implications of the obtained results are discussed with respect to the mental model theory of spatial inference. The results support the assumption that there are preferred models when people solve spatial three-term series problems. Although the subjects performed the task surprisingly well overall, there were significant differences in error rates between some of the tasks. They are discussed with respect to the subprocesses of model construction, model inspection, validation of the answer, and the interaction of these subprocesses