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Journal Article

Large-scale failures of f-α scaling in natural image spectra


Langer,  MS
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Langer, M. (2000). Large-scale failures of f-α scaling in natural image spectra. Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics Image Science and Vision, 17(1), 28-33. doi:10.1364/JOSAA.17.000028.

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Several studies have demonstrated that the power spectra of natural image ensembles scale as f−α. A stronger claim that has been made is that the power spectra of single natural images typically also scale as f−α. Results are presented that challenge this latter claim. The results are based on a method for estimating large-scale structure in single images that compares aliasing artifacts produced by image windows of different shape. Failures of f−α scaling are found at large scales in many natural images. These failures cannot be accounted for by f−α scaling models such as a linear superposition model or a model based on two-dimensional occlusions in the image plane. The results imply that claims about f−α scaling in single natural images have been exaggerated. The results also offer insight into why such failures of f−α scaling occur.