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Wide-field, motion-sensitive neurons and matched filters for optic flow fields

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83919

Franz,  MO
Department Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84025

Krapp,  HG
Former Department Comparative Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Franz, M., & Krapp, H. (2000). Wide-field, motion-sensitive neurons and matched filters for optic flow fields. Biological Cybernetics, 83(3), 185-197. doi:10.1007/s004220000163.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-E47F-9
Abstract
The receptive field organization of a class of visual interneurons in the fly brain (vertical system, or VS neurons) shows a striking similarity to certain self-motion-induced optic flow fields. The present study compares the measured motion sensitivities of the VS neurons (Krapp et al. 1998) to a matched filter model for optic flow fields generated by rotation or translation. The model minimizes the variance of the filter output caused by noise and distance variability between different scenes. To that end, prior knowledge about distance and self-motion statistics is incorporated in the form of a “world model”. We show that a special case of the matched filter model is able to predict the local motion sensitivities observed in some VS neurons. This suggests that their receptive field organization enables the VS neurons to maintain a consistent output when the same type of self-motion occurs in different situations.