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Homogeneous preparation encoding (HoPE) in multislice imaging


Scheffler,  K
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Fautz, H.-P., Scheffler, K., & Hennig, J. (2002). Homogeneous preparation encoding (HoPE) in multislice imaging. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 48(5), 745-752. doi:10.1002/mrm.10281.

Fast magnetization preparation techniques acquire a series of echoes after a single magnetization preparation. If these echoes are acquired from different slices using a multislice technique the change in the preparation state of the echoes due to relaxation effects leads to different contrast modification for each slice. Encoding different preparation states along the phase-encoding direction of each slice instead of acquiring each slice in a different preparation state is introduced as a general concept to obtain images of identical contrast and point-spread function. This can be realized either by cycling the slice excitation order several times over the total number of repetitions or by moving the point of time at which the preparation is applied within each repetition. One possible application of this method is chemical shift selective fat saturation imaging. A homogeneous fat suppression across a multislice volume could be achieved using a FLASH sequence at a repetition time of TR = 145 ms, including a single fat saturation preparation. Conventional fat saturated spin-echo imaging at any TR can be accelerated significantly by reducing the number of applied preparations per repetition. A further application of the homogeneous preparation encoding (HoPE) method is described that encodes the spatial self-saturation of the multislice excitation order homogeneously in all slices. Only a reduced number of slices of the total volume are excited in each repetition and the slice excitation order is continuously moved along the imaging volume. This method is applied for time of flight (TOF) imaging. Using a TONE-like series of flip angles for the slice excitations of each repetition homogeneous TOF images can be obtained on the basis of a multislice acquisition.