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Conference Paper

#### Distance-based classification with Lipschitz functions

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##### Citation

von Luxburg, U., & Bousquet, O. (2003). Distance-based classification with Lipschitz
functions. In *Learning Theory and Kernel Machines, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference on Computational
Learning Theory* (pp. 314-328).

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-DD9A-8

##### Abstract

The goal of this article is to develop a framework for large margin
classification in metric spaces. We want to find a generalization of
linear decision functions for metric spaces and define a corresponding
notion of margin such that the decision function separates the
training points with a large margin. It will turn out that using
Lipschitz functions as decision functions, the inverse of the Lipschitz
constant can be interpreted as the size of a margin. In order to
construct a clean mathematical setup we isometrically embed the given
metric space into a Banach space and the space of Lipschitz functions
into its dual space. Our approach leads to a general large margin
algorithm for classification in metric spaces. To analyze this
algorithm, we first prove a representer theorem. It states that there
exists a solution which can be expressed as linear combination of
distances to sets of training points. Then we analyze the Rademacher
complexity of some Lipschitz function classes. The generality of the
Lipschitz approach can be seen from the fact that several well-known
algorithms are special cases of the Lipschitz algorithm, among them
the support vector machine, the linear programming machine, and
the 1-nearest neighbor classifier.