# Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

#### Distance-Based Classification with Lipschitz Functions

##### MPS-Authors

##### Locator

There are no locators available

##### Fulltext (public)

There are no public fulltexts available

##### Supplementary Material (public)

There is no public supplementary material available

##### Citation

von Luxburg, U., & Bousquet, O. (2004). Distance-Based Classification with Lipschitz
Functions.* Journal of Machine Learning Research,* *5*,
669-695. Retrieved from http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr//papers/volume5/luxburg04b/luxburg04b.pdf.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D8C5-8

##### Abstract

The goal of this article is to develop a framework for large margin classification in metric spaces. We want to find a generalization of linear decision functions for metric spaces and define a corresponding notion of margin such that the decision function separates the training points with a large margin. It will turn out that using Lipschitz functions as decision functions, the inverse of the Lipschitz constant can be interpreted as the size of a margin. In order to construct a clean mathematical setup we isometrically embed the given metric space into a Banach space and the space of Lipschitz functions into its dual space. To analyze the resulting algorithm, we prove several representer theorems. They state that there always exist solutions of the Lipschitz classifier which can be expressed in terms of distance functions to training points. We provide generalization bounds for Lipschitz classifiers in terms of the Rademacher complexities of some Lipschitz function classes. The generality of our approach can be seen from the fact that several well-known algorithms are special cases of the Lipschitz classifier, among them the support vector machine, the linear programming machine, and the 1-nearest neighbor classifier.