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#### Experimental gas phase H-1 NMR spectra and basis set dependence of ab initio GIAO MO calculations of H-1 and C-13 NMR absolute shieldings and chemical shifts of small hydrocarbons

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##### Citation

Zuschneid, T., Fischer, H., Handel T, Albert, K., & Hafelinger, G. (2004). Experimental
gas phase H-1 NMR spectra and basis set dependence of ab initio GIAO MO calculations of H-1 and C-13 NMR absolute shieldings
and chemical shifts of small hydrocarbons.* Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B,* *59*,
1153-1176. Retrieved from http://www.znaturforsch.com/s59b/s59b1153.pdf.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D793-2

##### Abstract

High-resolution gas phase measurements of H-1 NMR spectra at 400 MHz and atmospheric pressure of seven small hydrocarbons are presented. The developed new method and the experimental set-up are described. Ab initio GIAO MO calculations of H-1 and C-13 NMR absolute shieldings on the HF, MP2 and B3LYP levels using 25 standard gaussian basis sets are reported for these hydrocarbons, based on experimental r(e) distances. The measured gas phase H-1 chemical shifts have been converted to an absolute sigma(0) shielding scale by use of the literature shielding of methane. These and gas phase C-13 literature values have been transferred with literature ZPV data to estimated sigma(e)(exp) shieldings which are used to evaluate the basis set dependence of the calculated a, shieldings utilizing linear least squares regressions. Exponential extrapolations of Dunning basis set calculations allow the determination of basis set limits for H-1 and C-13 shieldings.
H-1 and C-13 chemical shifts have been derived from the HF calculated shieldings with shieldings of TMS which has been geometry optimized and GIAO calculated in each basis. Standard deviations, (esd) as low as 0.09 ppm for H-1 and 0.76 ppm for C-13 calculations have been obtained.
The statistically best basis set for simultaneous calculation of H-1 and C-13 absolute shieldings or relative shifts is 6-311G* within the HF and B3LYP methods. Aiming for highest accuracy and precision, H-1 and C-13 have to be treated separately. In this case. best results are obtained using MP2/6-311G** or higher for H-1 shieldings and MP2/cc-pVTZ for C-13 shieldings.